A special development package of Rs.1,000 crore (Rs.500 crore each by the Government of India and Government of Assam) over a period of five years for infrastructure development in villages/areas with the Adivasi population forms part of the tripartite agreement between Government of India, the Government of Assam, and representatives of eight Adivasi Groups in New Delhi.
“The Government of India, under the leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, is committed to making the North East free from extremism. After Independence, the pace of development in the North Eastern States had stopped which were a victim of neglect and politics for a long time and violent separatism was spreading its feet, Shri Modi wrote a new saga of development and peace with the Act East Policy,” said Home and Cooperative Minister Amit Shah who presided over the ceremony.
The economic development of the North East remains a top priority for the government which is trying to build everlasting peace in the region. North East has been rich in resources but its development has been adversely affected by the insurgency. The government is giving an economic package to the insurgency-hit areas to encourage the return of insurgents to the mainstream.
For bringing fast progress to North East, NITI Aayog has constituted 17 Sub-Groups on 17 thematic areas of development in September 2020.
He added that “As per today’s agreement, it is the responsibility of the Government of India and Assam to fulfill the political, economic, and educational aspirations of the Adivasi groups. He said that in the agreement, provisions have been made to protect the social, cultural, ethnic, and linguistic identity of Adivasi groups as well as to further strengthen them. The agreement also provides for the establishment of a Tribal Welfare and Development Council with a view to ensuring speedy and focused development of tea gardens.”
North East has a very strategic location and it shares a border with Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, and Nepal which has the potential to make it the growth engine of India.
In the agreement, provisions have been made to protect and strengthen the social, cultural, ethnic, and linguistic identity of Adivasi groups
The agreement also provides for the establishment of an Adivasi Welfare and Development Council with a view to ensuring speedy and focused development of Tea Gardens and measures for rehabilitation and resettlement of armed cadres and welfare of Tea Garden workers. The Ministry of Home Affairs has decided to promote and develop the wonderful culture of the North East, establish lasting peace by settling all disputes, and accelerate development in the North East to make it as developed as other parts of the country
In light of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of a peaceful and prosperous North East, this agreement will prove to be another important milestone in the direction of making North East extremism free by 2025
The agreement signed today will end the decades-old crisis of Adivasis and tea garden workers in Assam
After today’s agreement, 1,182 cadres of tribal groups of Assam joined the mainstream by laying down their arms
The year 2020 recorded the lowest number of insurgency incidents in the last two decades in the northeast. In comparison to 2014, there has been a 74 percent reduction in the incidents of insurgency in 2021. In the same period, there has been a 60 percent reduction in the casualties of security forces and 89 percent in the number of civilian casualties.