Science & Technology

World Space Week: India’s ambitious future space missions

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World Space Week

The human mind has been always been mystified by space. Since 1957 many revolutionary steps have been taken to explore space which not only provided answers to our curiosity but also bring about major benefits for the mankind. As we celebrate World Space Week from October 4-10, let’s find about India’s space agency Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) three key future space missions which will make it a dominant space player in the world.

Gaganyaan: Gaganyaan is ISRO’s most ambitious project as it is India’s first manned mission to space. It will send a three-member crew to space for a period of five to seven days. The mission was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2018 in his Independence Day speech. The aim of this mission is to demonstrate an indigenous capability to undertake a human space flight mission to Low Earth Orbit (LEO). ISRO will first launch two unmanned missions into space ahead of the manned trip (the first launch will likely be in 2023). If the mission succeeds, India will be the fourth country to have sent a human to space, the other being the US, Russia and China.

Aditya – L1: It is India’s first solar mission planned by the ISRO. The aim of the mission is to study Sun’s Corona, Chromosphere and Photosphere. Additionally, it will also study the particle flux emanating from the Sun, and the variation of magnetic field strength. The main objective of the Aditya L1 Mission is that it will help in tracking Earth-directed storms and predict their impact through solar observations. The mission was originally announced in 2008 by the name of Aditya -1. It is likely to be launched in the first quarter of 2023.

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Chandrayaan 3: India is all set to launch Chandrayaan-3 in the first quarter of 2023, ever since the crash landing of Chandrayaan 2 in 2019, this is the most anticipated project of the ISRO. Chandrayaan-3 is ISRO’s third lunar exploration mission, the objective of which is a soft landing on the Moon.

Chandrayaan 3 will take its flight into outer space with a rover and lander. It will not include orbiter like Chandrayaan 2. The goal is to examine the Moon’s surface, especially areas that have not been receiving sunlight in two billion years. Scientists believe that in those parts of the moon there could be presence of ice and abundant mineral stocks.

ISRO was established after 22 years of independence on August 15, 1969. Since then, the brilliant team of the organisation have left no stone unturned in the development of space technologies and other technologies that adhere to national needs.

Also, Mangalyaan mission launched in 2013 has established India as a key space power. Recently the successful Mangalyaan mission came to an end when it lost all communications with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). The orbiter has run out of propellant and its battery drained beyond the safe limit. The Mars Orbiter Mission was a ₹ 450 crore project launched for a six-month mission but remained functional for over eight years.

The ISRO will be seeking to emulate the success of Mangalyaan in every future space missions.

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